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Humans are the most intelligent creatures we know of. Humans can speak and listen to communicate through language (speech recognition), humans can write and read texts in a language ( Natural Language Processing ), humans can see with their eyes and process what they see ( vision process ) and many other abilities that rated the human brain as a wonder… and from here the artificial intelligence was invented (AI).

What is AI ?

“ Every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, from abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves.” – John McCarthy

AI refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. In addition, it can also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving.

History of artificial intelligence :

In 1950, Alan Turing ( a british mathematician and cryptologist, author of works that scientifically found computer science ) proposed the turing test, that samior, Isaac Asimov (American writer in 1928 and professor of biochemistry known for his works of science fiction and popular science books.) proposed the 3 laws of robotics. 

In 1951, the first AI based program was written. The AI continued its rapid development until 2016, GOOGLEs deep mind defeats korean AlphaGo champion, Stanford issues the AI 100 report, and UC Berkeley launches the center for human compatible artificial intelligence. So as you can see, AI is not new, but it is progressing, letting us leverage our faster computing power and making the explosion of digital data.

You can watch this documentary on YouTube to know more about AI’s history.

Link :

Types of AI :

AI can be categorised into four types :

reactive machines AI : These machines do not have memory-based functionality. This means such machines cannot use previously gained

experiences to inform their present actions, i.e., these machines do not have the ability to “learn.” These machines could only be used for automatically responding to a limited set or combination of inputs. For example : IBM’s Deep Blue.

Limited memory AI : Limited memory machines are machines that, in addition to having the capabilities of purely reactive machines, are also capable of making informed and improved decisions by studying the past data from its memory.

Theory of mind AI : the theory of mind AI will focus mainly on emotional intelligence so that human beliefs and thoughts can be better comprehended. It plays a major role in human psychology.

Self-aware AI : the self-aware AI includes machines that have their own consciousness and become self-aware. This type of AI will not only be able to understand and evoke emotions in those it interacts with, but also have emotions, needs, beliefs, and potentially desires of its own. 

Conclusion  :

In some ways, the commercialisation area of AI has just begun and it will profoundly affect our world as we know it, similarly as the way internet and mobile phones have done so before. According to your opinion , how will our life be after the explosion of digital data and the speed of communication?


Studying civil engineering at the Superior Institute for Technological Studies of Nabeul, a social activist at the International Junior Chamber of Hammamet since 2016 and currently a VP in charge of training and development.

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